Faculty Mentor

Dr. Krisztian Magori

Document Type


Publication Date





Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have major clinical significance around the world and are a topic that is actively researched. Specifically, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a well known STI that has been studied extensively. This study will focus on the effects of HIV in pregnant women, transmission to the fetus, and the role of the placenta as a means of protection. The objective of this study is to analyze and review current literature on the effects of HIV in pregnancy to form a systematic publications review on the topic. With this study, it is hypothesized that administering antiviral drugs during pregnancy can reduce negative impacts and lower the risk of transmission to the fetus through the placenta since the placenta is found to play a protective role for the fetus. To efficiently form this review, a series of reliable scientific reviews will be accumulated using keywords, followed by filtering these articles to find those relevant to the study’s focus, analyzing the articles, and finally synthesizing the findings to create a systematic review. The goal of this study is to gain a better understanding of HIV’s effects in pregnancy and how these can be treated and prevented. This literature review attempts to bring more awareness to the clinical significance of HIV in pregnancy by focusing on specific transmission routes to better understand how to treat and prevent complications without being unethical or causing further negative effects, specifically on the fetus.