Kevin Criswell, Ph.D.
Background: Chronic diseases (CDs) affect about half (45%) of individuals in the U.S., and this population is expected to grow. Despite the high prevalence and psychosocial burden of CDs, less is known about the effects of CDs on university students’ academic performance and psychosocial wellbeing. Research on how CDs might affect pursuit of valued activities (e.g., higher education), psychosocial wellbeing, and internalized stigma is lacking in university students with CDs.
Aims: The first aim is to characterize the effects of chronic diseases on academic performance and psychosocial wellbeing in university students. The second aim is to examine the academic performance, psychosocial, and health behavior effects of internalized stigma in students with CDs.
Method: A “panel survey” design (Duncan & Kalton, 1987) was chosen to longitudinally assess university students. Two hundred students will be assessed three times at three-month intervals (i.e., once per academic quarter). Since statistical analysis of repeated measures will also involve a between-subjects factor (CD and non-CD students), a mixed design ANOVA will be utilized to assess longitudinal change: Analyses will include the between-subjects factor and two within-subjects repeated measures (time x outcome measure) for each outcome.
Anticipated Implications: The increased risk of negative psychosocial and academic outcomes in chronically-diseased students will set the stage for larger investigations that can impact university programming for student support.
Criswell, Kevin R.; Whitman, Wren; Smith, Madelynn; Denison, Polly; and Anderson, Kyle, "Emotional, social, and behavioral factors affecting wellbeing and academic performance in university students with chronic diseases: Proposed longitudinal study" (2020). 2020 Symposium Posters. 51.
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