Faculty Mentor

Martin Meraz Garcia

Document Type


Publication Date



Chicano Education


Chicanx students have a relatively lower high school graduation rate in the United States than other ethnic groups. This study assesses Arizona’s civic curriculum to determine the inclusivity of Latinx social movements that have influenced high school graduation rates. Additionally, Arizona has had ethnic studies within the Tucson school district for various years, since the 1990s. The study will compare graduation rates among Latinx student, through resources provided by ethnic studies. The Latinx Critical Race Theory is used to explain the findings and the works of ethnic studies on the Latinx population. The method of analysis for this study includes peer reviewed journal articles and scholarly sources to assess the extent of civic curriculum that is inclusive of Latinx/Latinx history and explores the influences on graduation rates and its impact on Latinx communities in California versus Arizona.