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Date of Award

Spring 2021

Rights

Access restricted for 1 year to EWU users with an active EWU NetID

Date Available to Non-EWU Users

2022-05-27

Document Type

Thesis: EWU Only

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS) in Psychology: General/Experimental

Department

Psychology

Abstract

Many bariatric weight loss surgery patients do not exercise after surgery. One potential reason this population may not exercise is due to body image shame and low self-compassion, which can contribute to lower appreciation for one’s body. Adult participants from an international bariatric population sample (N = 805) and an Eastern Washington University undergraduate student sample (N = 104) completed a one-time online questionnaire that included measures of self-compassion, physical activity frequency, body appreciation, and body image shame. In the bariatric sample, self-compassion was indirectly associated with exercise frequency via body appreciation and body image shame. Additionally, at the highest levels of self-compassion, exercise frequency was negatively impacted by the highest levels of body image shame. These results were not found in the undergraduate sample. Moving forward, interventions targeting self-compassion, body appreciation, and body image shame may help support members of the bariatric surgery population’s physical activity efforts.

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