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Date of Award

Spring 2018


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Document Type

Thesis: EWU Only

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS) in Physical Education: Exercise Science


Physical Education, Health and Recreation


The purposes of this study were to investigate (1) if an acute bout of cardiorespiratory or resistance exercise affects Total Mood Disturbance (TMD), Positive Affect (PA) and Negative Affect (NA) in females with SUD, and (2) if there is a difference in pre- and post-exercise TMD, PA and NA between interventions. This study investigated the effects of three conditions; a single bout of cardiorespiratory exercise, a single bout of resistance exercise, and a no-exercise control. Participants were recruited from local inpatient residential treatment facilities. Participant age ranged from 26-46 years old. Participants were randomly assigned to conditions, completing each of the 3 conditions. Abbreviated profile of mood states (APOMS) and Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) questionnaires were administered for pre- and post-intervention for each session. RMANOVAs indicated a significant interaction between time and condition for TMD (F(1, 2) = 9.32, p < 0.05) and PA (F(1, 2) = 9.505, p < 0.05). Nonparametric tests were used for the non-normally distributed NA scores. Friedman’s test revealed a significant difference from pre- to post-NA scores between conditions (χ2 = 31.550, p = 0.001). The results from this study indicate acute bouts of both cardiorespiratory and resistance exercise positively influence mood in females recovering from SUD compared to a control.