Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS) in Psychology: Clinical



First Advisor

Jonathan Anderson

Second Advisor

Amani El-Alayli

Third Advisor

Rie Kobayashi


"Past research has shown that many factors influence an individual's ability to estimate time. One factor that has been researched extensively is personality traits. While a few studies have investigated the effects of narcissism traits on time estimation accuracy, only one study investigated the influence covert and overt narcissism on time estimation. Overt narcissists tend to be more explicit about their demands for attention, where as covert narcissists tend to be more implicit in their demands for attention and more introverted, and have feelings of inferiority. Previous research suggests that those who are entitled believe that their time is more valuable and that boring or mundane tasks are a waste of their precious time. The current study assesses time estimation in those with covert and/or overt narcissistic characteristics while completing a mundane task and a gratifying task. Participants complete both a boring and a gratifying task and were asked to estimate how long these tasks took. Additionally, participants completed questionnaires to assess Narcissism, self-esteem, and demographics. It was found that there were no statistical differences between those with covert and/or overt narcissistic characteristics in both the boring and the gratifying tasks. This suggests that those with overt and/or covert narcissistic characteristics estimate time similarly when engaged in boring or gratifying tasks. Understanding how people with these characteristics estimate time may help provide information regarding counseling and education for future professionals"--Document.


Typescript. Vita.

Included in

Psychology Commons