T. J. Ewing

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS) in Physical Education: Administration/Pedagogy


Physical Education, Health and Recreation

First Advisor

Moira E. Stewart

Second Advisor

Wendy Repovich

Third Advisor

Stephen Spacek


This study provided an historical examination of experiences of Eastern Washington University African-American Athletes, as well as their Coaches, and Athletic Directors. The interviewees all attended Eastern during the 60's and 70's. Three African-American players, four coaches who coached them, and three Athletic Director's were interviewed in the study. This study examines how African-American athletes at Eastern were influenced by other African-American athletes or leaders from the 60's through the early 70's. The study also investigates whether or not the Cheney Community was directly affected by these changes that occurred in the 60's through the early 70's. This study shows that Eastern Washington University was directly affected by the civil unrest that was occurring in the United States. This study also identified many protests which took place at Eastern, and one in particular a clinched fist incident that rivaled Tommie Smith's and John Carlos clinched fist in the 1968 Olympic games in Mexico. There is evidence in this study that there were some racial tensions throughout the 60's and 70's, which Coaches, and Athletic Directors had to deal with.