The Impact of CPS and Special Education on Adjustment for Male Inmates
Rates of inmates with special education assistance are high; similar rates are shown for individuals coming from a Child Protective Services (CPS)-involved background. Additionally, research suggests that individuals with a history of special education assistance and placement in foster care as a child are more likely to struggle as adults. Adjustment is a 57 necessary and expected process when encountering change; however, no research has been identified that examines how these historical experiences might impact reaction and adaptation to incarceration. This study examined how a history of involvement with Special Education and CPS in childhood affects male inmate upon jail incarceration. Participants voluntarily completed a clinical interview and a packet of questionnaires. The outcome of the interview and questionnaires showed a history of CPS involvement resulting in significant difference for physical adjustment and approached significance for external and internal adjustment. In contrast to that hypothesized, males with no history of CPS involvement as children reported significantly more internal adjustment problems than men with CPS involvement. Results have implications for understanding of the impact of early childhood interventions and the process of adaptation for adults when incarcerated.