Though long-range magnetic order cannot occur at temperatures T > 0 in a perfect two-dimensional ( 2D) Heisenberg magnet, real quasi-2D materials will invariably possess nonzero inter-plane coupling J(perpendicular to) driving the system to order at elevated temperatures. This process can be studied using quantum Monte Carlo calculations. However, it is difficult to test the results of these calculations experimentally since for highly anisotropic materials in which the in-plane coupling is comparable with attainable magnetic fields J(perpendicular to) is necessarily very small and inaccessible directly. In addition, because of the large anisotropy, the Neel temperatures are low and difficult to determine from thermodynamic measurements. Here, we present an elegant method of assessing the calculations via two independent experimental probes: pulsed-field magnetization in fields of up to 85 T, and muon-spin rotation.
Original Publication Title
New Journal Of Physics
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Goddard, P A.; Singleton, J; Sengupta, P; McDonald, R D.; Lancaster, T; Blundell, S J.; Pratt, F L.; Cox, S; Harrison, N; Manson, Jamie L.; Southerland, H I.; and Schlueter, J A., "Experimentally Determining The Exchange Parameters Of Quasi-Two-Dimensional Heisenberg Magnets" (2008). Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications. Paper 22.