Competitive engineering (CE) is a structural-based approach to changing the competitive environment of youth sports to provide more nurturing competitive experiences. Thus, in youth sport, CE attempts to enhance a variety of psychosocial outcomes by making systematic changes to the competitive environment in which athletes perform. A working CE model is presented that employs four CE strategies (i.e., modifying structure, rules, facilities and equipment) to promote athlete engagement goals based on athlete-directed sandlot sport principles (i.e., increasing action and scoring, keeping scores close, enhancing personal involvement, and maintaining positive social relationships) in order to attain intrinsic motivation outcomes, particularly competence, autonomy, relatedness and Row while promoting an autonomy supportive climate. Discussion focuses on how the CE model can best promote research and intervention to enhance competitive climates in order to promote better sport experiences for all youngsters.
Original Publication Title
International Journal Of Sports Science & Coaching
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Burton, Damon; Gillham, Andrew D.; and Hammermeister, Jon, "Competitive Engineering: Structural Climate Modifications To Enhance Youth Athletes' Competitive Experience" (2011). Physical Education, Health and Recreation Faculty Publications. Paper 1.